Fitase e seus efeitos extra fosfóricos em dietas para frangos de corte: revisão

Jomara Broch, Gabriela Glaser Sangalli, Vaneila Daniele Lenhardt Savaris, Ricardo Vianna Nunes

Resumo


As dietas para aves são compostas principalmente por produtos de origem vegetal, em que a maior parte do fosforo (P) se encontra na forma indisponível, denominada fitato. A molécula de fitato e os nutrientes ligados a ela não podem ser absorvidos no trato digestivo sem degradação enzimática realizada pelas fitases. As fitases hidrolisam o fitato em uma molécula de inositol e seis moléculas inorgânicas de fosfato reduzindo os seus efeitos antinutricionais. A magnitude da resposta da fitase pode ser mais significativa com o aumento dos níveis de inclusão e a degradação do fitato se correlaciona com grandes aumentos na retenção de P, concentração de cinzas na tíbia, ganho de peso, consumo de ração, eficiência alimentar, retenção de nitrogênio, energia metabolizável aparente e retenção de Ca. Por isso, esta revisão tem o objetivo de caracterizar a fitase e abordar os aspectos relacionados na sua eficácia e seus efeitos extra fosfóricos em dietas para frangos de corte.


Palavras-chave


desempenho, enzimas exógenas, fosforo inorgânico

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Referências


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